Content Moderation Process
After students submit their review, their submission undergoes a two-step moderation process:
- Automatic text analysis: highlights any questionable language for review
Moderator manually scans reviews
, decides whether to publish content
- Reviews 100% of reviews flagged by text analysis
- Spot-checks 20% of all reviews against other content guidelines
- Anything that violates guidelines is still visible to Career Centers
There are also mechanisms post-publication for career centres, other students, and employers to flag reviews that do not meet our content guidelines. After a review is flagged:
- The review is taken down pending secondary moderation
- Flagged content is reviewed again, with notes from user who flagged it.
- Review is still judged against content guidelines, not employer “wishes”
- Aiming for SLA of 3 business days
We only moderate reviews that are public or anonymous - we do not moderate private reviews, as they are not published. We also only moderate reviews that are attached to a Handshake employer (i.e. the employer exists in Handshake). Without an existing Handshake employer account in the system, we have nowhere to display the review. Reviews marked as private or are not connected to a Handshake employer will be marked as "unpublished".
Are Career Centers a part of the approval process?
- Handshake will handle the entire approval/moderation process, with the aim to put no additional burden on institutions.
- Career Centers have the ability to flag any approved reviews they feel do not meet our Content Guidelines for secondary moderation, in the process described in the question above.
Will institutions be expected to take over moderation responsibilities?
- No, Handshake has (and will continue to have) responsibility for the moderation process, with the goal of not adding any additional burden on institutions.
Where can we find the Content Guidelines?
- You may find our Content Guidelines below. Once reviews are live in Handshake, the guidelines will be easily accessible for students, employers and career centres within the product and the Help Center.
All reviews must be:
- Authoritative: The reviewer must have worked for the employer being reviewed
- Unique: Only one review per internship or job experience
- Original: All reviews should be original
- Comprehensible: All reviews should be literate and comprehensible
- Not Personal: No negative reviews that identify individuals or contact info
- Not Profane: No profanities, threats of violence or discriminatory language
- Not Confidential: Cannot reveal confidential company information
- Not Spam: No advertisements or irrelevant content
What is your timeline for approving or declining reviews?
- We hope to have all existing collected reviews moderated before reviews appear in Handshake in early March. Following launch, we hope to have an SLA of 3 - 4 business days. Most reviews should be approved within a few hours.
What about industries with higher standards of confidentiality? How do you catch sensitive but not “inappropriate” content?
- This provision is covered in our Content Guidelines, under the “Not Confidential” clause. With feedback from several employers in these more “sensitive” industries, our employment and privacy counsel developed extensive guidelines for our moderators to ensure we are not publishing confidential company information.
What is your process for handling reviews that report harassment or illegal activity in general?
Our process is as follows:
- Handshake will report any review that mentions illegal activity directly to the Director of the Career Center (and main POC)
- Handshake WILL tell the student the review was referred to the Career Center.
- Handshake will NOT show the employer the review, or tell them it has been referred to a Career Center.
- Handshake will NOT publish the review until we hear back from the Career Center.
- Our process is as follows:
How are you building the auto-flag terminology lists? So for example "got high with coworkers" doesn't have obviously inappropriate words but is coded language for inappropriate activity.
- Our text analysis is compiled from industry-standard lexicons for this type of user-generated content. The lexicon also includes hundreds of phrases in addition to isolated words to ensure maximum coverage.